中国戏剧英文介绍

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《中国戏剧英文介绍》由会员分享,可在线阅读,更多相关《中国戏剧英文介绍(18页珍藏版)》请在人人文库网上搜索。

1、chinese opera,Chinese opera together with Greece,tragic-comedy and Indian Sanskrit,Opera are the three oldest dramatic,art forms in the world,During the Tang Dynasty (618,907,the Emperor Taizong established an,opera school with the poetic name,Liyuan (Pear Garden). From that time,on, performers of C

2、hinese opera,were referred to as disciples of the,pear garden,在唐朝,618,907,太宗皇帝建立了一个,充满诗意的,歌剧学校名为立元,梨花园,从那时起,中国歌剧的表演者被称为“教育,的梨花园,chinese opera,chinese opera,Since the Yuan Dynasty (1271,1368) it,has been encouraged by court officials,and emperors and has become a,traditional art form,自从元朝,1271,1368,它

3、一直受到法院官员和,皇帝和已经成为一种传统的艺术形式,During the Qing Dynasty (1644,1911), it,became fashionable among ordinary,people. Performances were watched in,tearooms, restaurants, and even around,makeshift stages,在清朝,1644,1911,它在普通百姓中十分流,行。在茶室,餐馆,甚至在临时搭建的舞台上都可以,看见表演,Introduction of Chinese,opera,中国戏曲主要是由民间歌舞、说唱和滑稽戏三种不

4、同艺术形式,综合而成,它起源于原始歌舞,是一种历史悠久的综合舞台艺术样式,经过汉、唐到宋、金才形成比较完整的戏曲艺术,它由文学,音乐、舞蹈、美术、武术、杂技以及表演艺术综合而成,约有三,百六十多个种类,它的特点是将众多艺术形式以一种标准聚合在一起,在共同具,有的性质中体现其各自的个性,比较著名的戏曲种类有:京剧,Beijing Opera,昆曲,Kunqu,越剧,Shaoxing Opera,秦腔,Shanxi,Opera,黄梅戏,Huangmei Opera,What appeals to foreigners most might be the,different styles of,fa

5、cial make-up,which is one of the highlights and requires,distinctive techniques of painting. Exaggerated,designs are,painted on each performers face to,symbolize a characters personality, role, and,fate. This technique may have originated from,ancient religions and dance,这是一个亮点,需要独特的绘画技巧,演员的脸上被夸张地设计

6、着,象征一个,角色的性格、角色和命运。这种技术,可能源于古老的宗教和舞蹈,Colourful masks,and various roles,White,Sinister,evil,crafty,treacherous,and,suspicious,Anyone,wearing,a,white,mask,is,usually,the,villain,Green,Impulsive,violent,no,self,restraint,or,self,control,Red,Brave,loyal,Black,Rough,fierce,or,impartial,Yellow,Ambitious,f

7、ierce,cool-headed,Blue,Steadfast,someone,who,is,loyal,and,sticks,to,one,side,no,matter,what,Generally, a red face represents loyalty and bravery; a black face, valor,yellow and white faces, duplicity; and golden and silver faces, mystery,Besides color, lines also function as symbols. For example, a

8、figure can be,painted either all white on his face, or just around the nose. The larger the,white area painted, the more viperous the role,一个红色的脸代表忠诚和勇气,一个,黑的脸,英勇,黄色和白色的面孔,表,里不一,和金色和银色面孔,神秘,除了颜色,线条也函数作为符号。例,如,图要么全部涂在他的脸上,或就,在鼻子。白色区域画越大,越阴险的,角色,Colourful masks,and various roles,1,生是戏曲表演行当的主要类型之一,扮演男性

9、人物。(分为老,生、小生,武生。,2,旦:正旦主要扮演娴静庄重的青年、中年妇女。重唱功,多用韵白。因常穿青素褶子,故又名“青衣,花旦多扮演性格明快活泼的青年女性,此外,还有武旦,老旦等,3,净:俗称花脸。以面部化妆运用各种色彩和图案勾勒脸谱为突,出标志,扮演性格、气质、相貌上有特异之点的男性角色,4,丑:丑戏曲表演行当主要类型之一,喜剧角色,扮演人物种,类繁多,有的心地善良,幽默滑稽;有的奸诈刁恶,悭吝卑鄙,The Development,of Chinese Opera,Forming,stage,Primitive,society,to,satisfy,people,s,spiritual

10、,need,社火、秧歌、傩戏,B,o,o,m,i,n,g,p,e,r,i,o,d,I,n,Y,u,a,n,dynasty,commer,cial,and,p,r,o,f,e,s,s,i,o,n,a,l,p,e,r,f,o,r,m,i,n,g,group,emerged,The Development,of Chinese Opera,Famous works,窦娥冤(关汉,卿)、汉宫秋(马致远,E,x,t,e,n,s,i,o,n,p,h,a,s,e,I,n,M,i,n,g,dynasty,Kunqu,grew,up,on,the,regions,south,of,Yangtze,River,江南,The Development,of Chinese Opera,Heyday,In,the,late,Ming,and,early,Qing,dynasty,Chinese,Opera,welcomed,a,prosperous,time,with,Beijing,Opera,coming,up

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